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Exim:Important Exim Mail Server commands

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07Apr, 2016
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Exim:Important Exim Mail Server commands

1. To check the number of emails present in the queue:

exim -bpc

2. To check the emails present in the queue with the mail id and sender ID:

exim -bp
exim -bp | less

3. To view the header of a particular email using mail ID:

exim   -MvH   <Message ID>

4. To view the body of a particular email using mail ID:

exim   -Mvb <Message ID>

5. To view a message’s logs:

exim   -Mvl   <Message ID>

6. To trace path:

exim   -d   -bt   <[email protected]>

7. To get sorted list of email sender in exim queue:

exim -bpr | grep "<" | awk {'print $4'} |cut -d "<" -f 2 | cut -d ">" -f 1 | sort -n | uniq -c| sort -n

8. To check the script that will originate spam mails:

grep "cwd=" /var/log/exim_mainlog|awk '{for(i=1;i<=10;i++){print $i}}'|sort| uniq -c|grep cwd|sort -n

9. If we need to find out exact spamming script. To do this, run following command:

ps  auxwwwe | grep user | grep --color=always "/home/user/public_html/templates/" | head

10. To delete the emails of a specific user:

grep -lr '[email protected]' /var/spool/exim/input/ | sed -e 's/^.*\/\([a-zA-Z0-9-]*\)-[DH]$/\1/g' | xargs exim -Mrm
exim -bp | grep "[email protected]" | awk '{print $3}' | xargs exim -Mrm

11. To delete Frozen emails from the email queue:

grep -R -l '*** Frozen' /var/spool/exim/msglog/*|cut -b26-|xargs exim -Mrm
exim -bp| grep frozen | awk '{print $3}'| xargs exim -Mrm
exiqgrep -z -i | xargs exim -Mrm

12. To delete Spam emails from the email queue:

grep -R -l [SPAM] /var/spool/exim/msglog/*|cut -b26-|xargs exim -Mrm

13. To check the no. of frozen mails:

exiqgrep -z -c

14. To check exim logs:

tail  -f  /var/log/exim_mainlog
tail  -f  /var/log/exim/main.log

15. Force delivery of one message:

exim  -M  <Message ID>

16. Force another queue run:

exim  -qf

17. Force another queue run and attempt to flush frozen messages:

exim  -qff

18. To check if there are frozen emails:

exim -bp |awk '/fr[o]zen/ {print}'

19. To clear just one email:

exim -Mrm <Message ID>

20. Check the subjects of the emails:

exiqgrep -i |awk '{ print "exim -Mvh "$1 }' |sh |grep -i Subject

21. Force delivery of a particular domain

exim  -v  -Rff gmail.com

 

 

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